the conference on MGT in 1988, organised by UNESCO, five general problems came out:
of varied levels and types of materials.
flexible and special types of curriculum organization.
incentives for teachers in multiple classes.
in Vietnam, the problems.
is a serious shortage of teachers, especially skilled teachers for MGT.
of MGT are working in different isolated conditions.
of teachers for MG classes does not meet the requirement in either quality or quantity.
the MG schools lack textbooks, guidebooks and reference material.
classes are in very bad conditions.
is the principals role in a multigrade school?
plays a key-role in creating a supportive school culture.
the head teacher must ensure that all teachers feel supported.
must provide teachers with opportunities to learn multigrade teaching methods, monitor the progress of implementation and
give the teachers praise, feedback and suggestions.
should be adept at facilitating positive, cooperative interactions among teaching team members.
are definite characteristics of successful multigrade teachers, which should be considered in teacher selection.
to work hard.
to work closely with the community.
belief in the importance of cooperation and personal responsibility in the classroom with the ability to develop these characteristics
h. Prior successful experience at the grade
levels to be taught.
general types of activities found in most class rooms:
or individual study.
/ can you create an enabling and effective teaching- learning environment in a multigrade classroom.
teachers spend more time on a particular subject or practice work?
a teacher maintain discipline in a multigrade classroom?
teaching aids are specific for a multigrade teaching?
a teacher be enabled to organise the subject matter in the best possible way?
the teacher understand the gaps in his or her teaching method, and appreciate student needs better?
Multigrade teachers must be trained to give different lessons at the same time to pupils
at different grade levels.
Children sit in grade-groups facing their own blackboard (BB)
If there are two grade groups in the class the BB are placed either end of the classroom
with children facing opposite directions.
During the lessons the teacher moves frequently between the different groups.
Give reading instructions to one grade; give dictation to the other grade.
One grade is copying handwriting math exercises from the BB, the other grade will be
instructed on a new math item.
The extra work involved in multigrade teaching must be recognized by giving teachers
salary for two grades and 75% for three or more grades.
Teachers in multigrade classrooms must receive a lot of support and must meet regularly
with teachers from other multigrade schools.